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Report on ballistic missiles and Islamic countries owned by 2020

Ballistic missiles:

Ballistic missiles have a powerful propulsion system, which increases the speed of the missile to direct it to the specified target, and missiles can carry one or more nuclear, chemical, biological or conventional (high explosive) warheads on specific targets, and the effects and damage of ballistic missiles on the target vary according to the type of warheads.


Ballistic missilles islamic


Comprehensive deterrence
"The most important feature of ballistic missiles is deterrence. Even countering tactical ballistic missiles is possible through an advanced radar network and good missile capability.

In fact, in theory, systems with a range of 2-3 thousand km can be destroyed, and in practice, it is possible to achieve very low rates of success, which makes ballistic missiles a great deterrent from a psychological point of view even without using them.



The use of conventional missiles with a range of more than a thousand kilometers is not reasonable in terms of accuracy and impact, as the damage caused by conventional missile warheads in these ranges is largely psychological and useless.

In fact, ballistic missiles are fired at an angle close to the atmosphere or vertically to travel through the layers of space and move naturally in space and thus reduce the effect of gravity, which is usually effective in the troposphere to reach a very high speed when descending, and its speed is about 7 km / This is very difficult to detect.

Ballistic missiles are generally divided into six sections according to their range and launch platforms:

1 Tactical ballistic missile (TBM) has a range of less than 300 km.
2 Short-range ballistic missiles (SRBM) ranges between 300 and 1000 km.
3 medium range ballistic missiles (MRBM) ranges between 1000 and 3000 km.
4 intermediate range ballistic missiles (IRBM) ranges between 3000 and 5550 km.
5 ICBMs have a range of 5,000 km or more.
6 submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBM)

Short-range ballistic missiles:
Short-range ballistic missiles are missiles with a range of less than 1,000 km, and although their range is short, some are capable of carrying nuclear warheads. As you can imagine, the use of ballistic missiles in military operations coincided with the Second World War.



These missiles were at that time capable of flying at an altitude of 800 - 1,000 meters at a speed of 500 km / h, and they could carry up to 1,000 kg of explosive (usually conventional), and could hit a target from a distance of more than 250 km.

Examples of short-range ballistic missiles:
Ghaznavi / Pakistan / 290 km
Abdali / Pakistan / 180 km
V-2 / Nazi Germany / 320 km
LORA / ISRAEL / 250 km
Agni I / India / 700 km
Prithvi II / India / 500 km
Prahar / India / 150 km
Shabab 1 / Iran / 200-300 km
Shabab 2 / Iran / + 500 km
J600T Yıldırım I / Turkey / 150 km
BORA / Turkey / 280 km

Medium-range ballistic missiles:
Medium-range ballistic missiles have a longer range than short-range missiles and range between 1,000 and 3,000 km, and most medium-range ballistic missiles are capable of carrying nuclear warheads.

Examples of medium-range ballistic missiles:
HATF 5 / Pakistan / 1500 km
Agni II / India / +2000 km
DF-21D / China / + 1500 km
Jericho II / Israel / 1500 km
Ghadr / Iran / 2000 km
PGM-19 Jupiter / America / 2,400 km

Ballistic missiles launched from submarines:
Submarine ballistic missiles generally originated from medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBM) and ICBM ballistic missiles, and do not carry significant differences in their engineering, many of these based on MRBM and ICBM have been developed.

One of the most important issues in SLBM submarine ballistic missiles is launching techniques, where the safe launch of a missile from a submarine and its transport to flight in the air without being affected by the sea are important matters.

ICBM:
Intercontinental ballistic missiles are advanced ballistic missiles designed to carry more nuclear warheads with a range of at least 5,000 km. A single missile can carry multiple warheads.

ICBM prototypes were limited in ability to hit targets with high accuracy, so they were mostly used on large targets such as cities. But then, with the increase in experience in this field and the development of systems and technologies, the margin of circular error has become less than before.
The stages of the ballistic missile flight:
The path of the missiles that move toward the target can be divided into three main stages:
1 Ascending stage: Usually takes 3 to 5 minutes, depending on whether the fuel is solid or liquid, and at the end of this stage, the missile reaches an altitude of 150 to 400 km depending on its launch angle, and its speed is usually 4 km / s.

2 Progress / walking stage toward the target: It is a stage that lasts about 25 minutes on average, and the missiles take their path by drawing an oval path with a vertical angle, and the maximum height is 1200 km.

3 Descent stage: The descent stage begins when the missile is at an altitude of about 100 km and continues for an average of two minutes, at which point it descends.

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